When you walk into a pet store, it’s easy to be overwhelmed by the sheer number of options. Some stores have multiple aisles of dog food, and every brand seems different from the one next to it. Not only are there myriad different brands, but every brand has multiple recipes – sometimes dozens of them!
So, how do you choose the right dog food for your dog? What do you base your selection on?
All dogs have the same basic nutritional needs because they all belong to the same species. Even so, breeds of different sizes and activity level have slightly different requirements for calories and certain nutrients. If you think about it, it makes sense that a Chihuahua might not do well on the same food you would feed a giant Mastiff. One way to shop for dog food is based on breed size.
If you want to learn more about the best food for small dogs, keep reading to see our reviews!
Our Top 10 Picks for the Best Dog Food for Small Dogs
#10 Nature’s Recipe Grain-Free Small Breed Dog Food
Not only is real chicken the first ingredient in this Nature’s Recipe Grain-Free Small Breed Dog Food, but it is an easy to digest formula free from grains and gluten. It is supplemented with glucosamine for joint health and plenty of protein for strong muscles. Plus, it’s loaded with antioxidants and essential nutrients for balanced nutrition.
Pros: Real chicken is the first ingredient, grain-free and gluten-free, easy to digest, formulated for dogs under 25 pounds, chelated minerals for improved absorption, no corn or wheat
Cons: Unnamed animal fat (poultry fat), some plant protein (pea protein), no probiotics
#9 Hill’s Ideal Balance Small Breed Dog Food
This Hill’s Ideal Balance Small Breed Dog Food contains several digestible, fiber-rich carbohydrates to ensure healthy and regular digestion. Additionally it is supplemented with vitamins and minerals for nutritional balance with green peas and apples for natural sources of key nutrients. Overall, this recipe is designed specifically for small-breed dogs to support healthy digestion, immunity, and body weight.
Pros: Real chicken as the main ingredient, digestible whole grain carbohydrates, chicken fat as primary source of fat, green peas and apples as natural sources for key nutrients
Cons: Not gluten-free or grain-free, contains some plant protein (pea protein), no probiotics or chelated minerals
#8 Wellness Petite Entrees Mini-Filets
The Wellness Petite Entrees Mini-Filets line of products is entirely grain-free, so that you can rest assured that it won’t bother your dog if he’s sensitive to grains. It is also free from potatoes and other low-quality fillers. The food comes in a convenient, easy open tub and each recipe is clear of corn, wheat, and soy and also meat byproducts and artificial additives.
Pros: All recipes are grain-free, wide variety of choices, real food ingredients for balanced nutrition, no corn/wheat/soy, free from artificial additives, easy to chew for older dogs and puppies
Cons: Doesn’t scrape teeth clean like dry food, somewhat more expensive than other wet food brands, contains some plant protein (pea protein)
#7 Natural Balance Original Ultra Small Breed Bites
The Natural Balance Original Ultra Small Breed Bites line of dog food is supplemented to target specific aspects of small-breed health. It contains a blend of EPA and DHA for brain health and development with multiple types of fiber for healthy digestion. Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids support skin and coat health while quality proteins help maintain lean muscle mass.
Pros: Real meat as the first ingredients, concentrated sources of animal protein, multiple types of fiber for healthy digestion, blend of fats for healthy skin/coat and brain, no artificial additives
Cons: Not grain-free, contains some plant protein (pea protein), no probiotics
#6 Halo Grain Free Small Breed Chicken & Salmon Recipe
The Halo brand of pet food is dedicated to holistic nutrition for pets, designing products that nourish the dog from the inside out. Their recipes are all free from GMO ingredients and made only with real, whole meats. Their wet food formulas are particularly popular among picky eaters and there are five grain-free formulas to choose from in this line.
Pros: Real whole meat ingredients, five grain-free recipe options, no GMO ingredients, no artificial additives, supplemented with chelated minerals, high in moisture for daily hydration
Cons: Plant-based fat as main source of fat (flaxseed oil), no probiotic supplements, some dogs are sensitive to poultry ingredients
#5 Blue Buffalo Wilderness Rocky Mountain Small Breed Recipe
This Blue Buffalo Wilderness Rocky Mountain Small Breed Recipe features deboned beef and chicken meal as the top two ingredients, following by gluten-free and grain-free carbohydrates like peas and tapioca starch. Other beneficial ingredients include menhaden fish meal, chicken fat, chelated minerals, and probiotics.
Pros: Real meat as the top two ingredients, grain-free, high in protein, no byproducts or artificial additives, small-bite kibble for dental health, blend of omega fatty acids for skin and coat
Cons: Contains some plant-based protein (pea protein), some dogs are sensitive to beef, grain-free but not gluten-free (barley grass)
#4 Wellness Complete Health Small Breed Dog Food
This Wellness Complete Health Small Breed Dog Food recipe is packed with 28% protein and 16% fat with 4% fiber to ensure healthy and regular digestion. It is balanced with vitamins and minerals for healthy immunity and a lot of omega fatty acids for healthy skin and coat. Plus, it is supplemented with chelated minerals and probiotics.
Pros: Real meat ingredients as top 3, whole-grain carbohydrates, chicken fat as the main source of fat, supplemented with chelated minerals and probiotics, no meat byproducts or artificial additives
Cons: Not grain-free, some dogs are sensitive to poultry ingredients
#3 Solid Gold Lil’ Boss Grain-Free Small Breed Dog Food
Solid Gold Lil’ Boss Grain-Free Small Breed Dog Food is all-natural and completely grain free, so it will be easy for your small dog to digest. Plus, each recipe is supplemented with omega fatty acids for healthy skin and coat, plus extra fiber for digestion.
Pros: All-natural and holistic formulas, naturally grain-free, plenty of omega fatty acids for healthy skin and coat, supplemental fiber for digestion, formulated for all life stages
Cons: Unnamed source of fat (fish oil), no probiotics
#2 Blue Buffalo Life Protection Small Breed Adult Formula
This Blue Buffalo Life Protection Small Breed Adult Formula features both deboned chicken and chicken meal at the top of the ingredients list with brown rice, oatmeal, and barley for digestible carbohydrates. Other beneficial ingredients include menhaden fish meal, chicken fat, fresh fruits and veggies, chelated minerals and probiotics.
Pros: Real meat as the first ingredient, digestible carbohydrates, plenty of animal-based fat, blend of omega fatty acids, small kibble size, supplemented with chelated minerals and probiotics, no artificial additives or byproducts
Cons: Not grain-free, some dogs are sensitive to chicken ingredients, contains some plant-based protein (pea protein and alfalfa meal)
#1 Castor & Pollux Organic Small Breed Recipe
This Castor & Pollux Organic Small Breed Recipe is packed with protein, healthy fats, and fiber, so you can rest assured it will meet your dog’s unique nutritional needs. It is cooked in an organically certified USA kitchen and held to the highest standards of quality as well. Simply put, you can’t do much better than this Castor & Pollux Organic Small Breed Recipe for your dog.
Pros: Made with organic ingredients, prepared in an organically certified USA kitchen, real meat ingredients, organic grain-free carbohydrates, beneficial supplements, no artificial additives
Cons: Some dogs are sensitive to chicken ingredients, contains some plant protein (pea protein), plant-based fat as the first source (sunflower seed meal)
Do you know what’s in your dog’s food? Have you ever actually taken the time to read the food label or to even glance at the ingredients list?
Many people take for granted the fact that dog food is made for dogs. Just because a product is marketed in a certain way and the package will be covered in colorful pictures and lofty health claims doesn’t mean that it is a good product.
As a dog owner, you are responsible for meeting your dog’s needs – that includes feeding him a healthy diet. If you have a small dog, you’ll need to know what makes his nutritional requirements different and how to meet them.
Keep reading to learn more about the nutritional needs of small dogs and how to choose a high-quality dog food product to meet those needs.
What Nutrients Do Small Dogs Need?
When it comes to the nutritional needs of dogs, there are many to consider. First and foremost, however, dogs need calories. Calories are often treated like an enemy, but the truth is that they are simply an unit of energy and your dog needs energy for his body to function properly.
But how many calories does your dog need?
On average, dogs need about 30 calories per pound of bodyweight to maintain their metabolism. Small dogs, however, have very fast metabolisms which means their calorie needs are higher – sometimes as high as 40 calories per pound.
In addition to calories, your pet needs protein, fat, and an assortment of vitamins and minerals.
Protein is the most important nutritional consideration for dogs after calories because it provides the building blocks for healthy tissues and muscles. Dogs are scavenging carnivores by evolution which means that their bodies are usually evolved to digest and utilize nutrition most efficiently from animal-based sources (things like meat and eggs versus plant foods). In a pinch, however, dogs are able to digest some plant food items – for this reason they are called scavenging carnivores.
Many people think of fat as a bad thing, but it is actually a highly concentrated source of energy for dogs. Both recipes might contain the same nutrient profile, but nutrients from natural sources are more biologically valuable for dogs – they are easier for his body to absorb and utilize. The best resources of fat for dogs are chicken fat and fish oil, but these can be paired with plant-based fats like canola oil and flaxseed for a balance of essential fatty acids.
In addition to protein and fat, your dog also needs certain vitamins and minerals. Luckily, the American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) has created a detailed nutrient profile that each dog food formula must meet in order to be sold as a “complete and balanced” product. This means that any dog food you pick off the shelf that is intended for staple feeding will contain all the necessary nutrients your canine needs to thrive.
One thing you need to consider when shopping for dog food is that the quality of ingredients matters. Remember, animal-based ingredients are better than plant-based ingredients, and it is always better to get important nutrients from natural sources.
For example, a dog food that contains fresh fruits and vegetables in addition to protein and fat will be more nutritious than a dog food that contains a long list of synthetic supplements. Fat is particularly important for small dogs because of their high calorie needs.
How Much Should You Feed a Small Dog?
When you think about how much you feed your dog in a given day, you probably think about it in terms of measurement. Maybe you feed your dog a half a cup twice a day or one-third mug three times a day. What really matters, however, is the number of calories.
No two dog food formulas are exactly alike, so you need to read the label to see how many calories that recipe contains to determine how much to feed your pet.
Luckily, most dog food labels offer feeding recommendations based on the calorie content of the recipe in comparison to the basic calorie requirements of dogs. You’ll need to know how much your dog weighs but you can simply look at the chart to observe how much food he needs in a day then divide it by the number of meals you prefer to feed.
Keep in mind that these feeding recommendations are just that – recommendations. Your dog may need more or less than the recommendation based on his age and activity level. You’ll need to keep an eye on his body weight and condition to see if you need to make an adjustment. Basically, if he starts to gain too much weight you should feed him a little less and, if he loses too much weight, feed him more.
If you aren’t sure how much to feed your dog, talk to your veterinarian to see if your dog is at a healthy weight for maintenance or if he needs to go up or down in bodyweight.
Is Wet Food Better Than Dry Food?
Another question many small breed dog owners ask is whether it is better to feed their dogs dry food or wet food. There are a number of factors to consider in answering this question.
On one side of the issue, the best dog food to feed your dog is the one that meets his nutritional needs that he also likes and will eat. For some dogs, wet meals is simply more palatable than kibble. In some cases, such as for older dogs or puppies, wet food will be also easier to chew and to digest. Wet food is also higher in mowill beture, so that it can help keep your pet hydrated.
Something else you should think about, however, is your dog’s dental health. Wet food is softer than dry food and kibble is often designed to help scrape plaque and tartar off your dog’s teeth as he chews it. Not only does wet meals not clean your dog’s teeth, but it can get stuck between his teeth and increase the risk for tartar buildup.
Why is this a problem for small dogs? Because small dogs are more prone to dental problems as it is, so there are usually additional challenges for keeping their teeth clean and healthy.
Small dogs have smaller mouths, simply based on their size. In many cases, small breed dogs also have very compact jaws with their teeth crowded together. This leaves room for tartar formation and contributes to other dental problems like gum recession and tooth loss. In fact, it isn’t unusual for small breed dogs to have got lost half of their teeth by the time they reach 12 years old.
In the end, it is up to you to decide what you need to feed your small dog. You need to take into consideration the information you’ve learned here and make a smart choice from the options available.
To help you get started, we’ve provided reviews of quality dog food small breeds. Use these evaluations as a starting point when you’re ready to start shopping. Good luck!